Stroke is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. The aim of this review is to provide an evidence-based synthesis of the literature related to perioperative stroke, including its etiology, common risk factors, and potential risk reduction strategies. In addition, the authors will discuss screening methods for the detection of postoperative cerebral ischemia and how multidisciplinary collaborations, including endovascular interventions, should be considered to improve patient outcomes. Lastly, the authors will discuss the clinical and scientific knowledge gaps that need to be addressed to reduce the incidence and improve outcomes after perioperative stroke.

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