The effects of anesthetics on diaphragmatic function and muscles which maintain airways patent and how these contribute to postoperative pulmonary complications are reviewed in this issue (Photo Credit: Admir Hadzic, M.D.):

  • Gropper: Postoperative Respiratory Muscle Dysfunction: Only the Strong Survive, p. 783

  • Sasaki et al.: Postoperative Muscle Dysfunction: Pathophysiology and Preventative Strategies, p. 961