Changes in the economy, demographics, and health care may impact the anesthesiology workforce. Baird and his colleagues from the RAND Corporation compare the results of a new survey of anesthesiologists in the United States conducted in 2013 with a similar survey done in 2007. There has been a shift to younger anesthesiologists and an increase in the number and proportion of female anesthesiologists in the workforce; employment arrangements, compensation, and work hours for women differ from those for men. How these trends will impact the field of anesthesiology is uncertain. (Cover photo by Diemut Strebe and James P. Rathmell, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.)

  • Lanier: Changing Trends in the U.S. Anesthesiology Workforce, with a Focus on Geographic Regions and Gender, p. 983

  • Baird et al.: Regional and Gender Differences and Trends in the Anesthesiologist Workforce, p. 997