Some evidence suggests that children have a lower incidence of perioperative respiratory adverse events when intravenous propofol is used compared with inhalational sevoflurane for the anesthesia induction. In this issue of Anesthesiology, Ramgolam et al. report the results of a randomized controlled trial of inhalation versus intravenous induction in 300 high-risk children. In an accompanying Editorial View, Davidson places the new research findings in the context of the management of anesthesia for children in everyday practice. Illustration by Annemarie Johnson, Vivo Visuals.

  • Ramgolam et al.: Inhalational versus Intravenous Induction of Anesthesia in Children with a High Risk of Perioperative Respiratory Adverse Events: A Randomized Controlled Trial, p. 1065

  • Davidson: Induction of Anesthesia for Children: Should We Recommend the Needle or the Mask? p. 1051