From the Wood Library-Museum’s Ben Z. Swanson Collection, this notice (above) was extracted from a broadside published by James Knox Polk Pine (1841 to 1919; banker, philanthropist, and collar manufacturer) of Troy, New York. An astonishing commercial success at both patenting and producing shirt collars, J. K. P. Pine started a side business of selling 100-gallon cylinders of nitrous oxide for $16 or refilling them for $6. Situated about 150 miles north of Manhattan on New York’s eastern border with Vermont and Massachusetts, J. K. P. Pine’s Troy could “save the [two-day] delay of sending your Cylinder to New York to be re-filled.” (Copyright © the American Society of Anesthesiologists’ Wood Library-Museum of Anesthesiology.)

From the Wood Library-Museum’s Ben Z. Swanson Collection, this notice (above) was extracted from a broadside published by James Knox Polk Pine (1841 to 1919; banker, philanthropist, and collar manufacturer) of Troy, New York. An astonishing commercial success at both patenting and producing shirt collars, J. K. P. Pine started a side business of selling 100-gallon cylinders of nitrous oxide for $16 or refilling them for $6. Situated about 150 miles north of Manhattan on New York’s eastern border with Vermont and Massachusetts, J. K. P. Pine’s Troy could “save the [two-day] delay of sending your Cylinder to New York to be re-filled.” (Copyright © the American Society of Anesthesiologists’ Wood Library-Museum of Anesthesiology.)

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George S. Bause, M.D., M.P.H., Honorary Curator and Laureate of the History of Anesthesia, Wood Library-Museum of Anesthesiology, Schaumburg, Illinois, and Clinical Associate Professor, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio. UJYC@aol.com.