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Issues

Table of Contents

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, A13–A18. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e318295c560

Editorial Board

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, A1–A2. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e318295c54f

This Month in Anesthesiology

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, A9. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e318295c51b

Anesthesiology CME Program

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, A11. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e318295c52f

Editorial

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1001–1004. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e3182874686
Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1005–1007. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31828ea5cb
Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1008–1010. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e318286063b
Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1011–1012. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31828877db
Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1013–1015. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31828e1865
Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1016–1018. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31828ea497

Special Articles

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1019–1027. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e318286d0e2

During World War II, military physicians received anesthesia training at academic institutions across the country. Ralph Waters and the Wisconsin General Hospital anesthesia department trained 17 officers, many of whom went on to productive careers in anesthesiology.

Perioperative Medicine

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1028–1037. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31828ea68a

There is substantial practice variation among surgical specialties with regard to the use of preoperative consultations and these are frequently provided for patients with low cardiac risk presenting for low-risk surgeries.

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1038–1045. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31828ea5b2

Ophthalmic preanesthesia medical examination frequently detects new or unstable medical conditions, which do not typically alter perioperative procedures. However, these conditions are relevant to long-term health and should be conveyed to primary care physicians for further evaluation.

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1046–1058. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e318286061d
Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1059–1064. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31828877c0

Retrograde light-guided laryngoscopy for tracheal intubation uses transtracheal light transmission from a source attached to the skin to illuminate the glottis. Nine residents, six medical students and five nurses who had never intubated a patient each attempted to intubate 10 patients, using direct laryngoscopy in five of them and retrograde light-guided laryngoscopy in five in a randomly assigned order. The overall success rate using direct laryngoscopy was 47% while that with retrograde light-guided laryngoscopy was 72%. The median cumulative times to glottis exposure and to tracheal intubation were decreased and glottic exposure was improved when retrograde light-guided laryngoscopy was used.

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1065–1075. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31828e180e

Isoflurane increases the activity of γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptors in human alveolar type II epithelial cells and reduces the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 in these cells by regulating these receptors.

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1076–1085. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e318286d0ae

The aim of the current study was to investigate the involvement of the Tyr kinase pathway in the contraction of bronchial smooth muscle. The Tyr kinase/JNK pathway may play a role in bronchial smooth muscle contraction.

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1086–1097. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e318289bc9b

General anesthesia impairs the fine balance between mitochondrial fusion and fission, leading to acute mitochondrial fragmentation. The mechanism involves sequestration and polymerization of fission protein, Drp-1 and downregulation of fusion protein, Mfn-2.

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1098–1105. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e318286d0c9

Rats with Metabolic Syndrome have exaggerated memory decline in the immediate postoperative period. Also, postoperative Metabolic Syndrome rats have long-lasting learning and memory dysfunction that persists for no less than 5 months.

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1106–1112. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e318289465f

The authors investigated the spread of local anesthetic after thoracic paravertebral blockade via magnetic resonance imaging. Whereas the spread was constant with approximately four vertebral levels, the sensory distribution was within a wide range.

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1113–1122. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31828604ab

Use of a bispectral index–guided anesthetic protocol did not lead to faster recovery or decreased incidence of nausea, vomiting, or pain, compared with an end-tidal anesthetic concentration–guided protocol.

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1123–1132. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e318286cf36

The authors’ study showed that dexmedetomidine neuroprotective effects are mediated by brain-derived neurotrophic factor modulation in perinatal brain injury. Dexmedetomidine increased astrocyte expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor through extracellular signal regulated kinase-dependent pathway.

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1133–1139. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31828afa7b

Electrocautery-induced fires during monitored anesthesia care were the most common cause of operating room fire claims. Supplemental oxygen by an open delivery system served as the oxidizer in nearly all of the fires.

Critical Care Medicine

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1140–1149. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31828744a5

TREM-1 protected monocytes from apoptosis through activation of both Erk and Akt pathways and increased expression of Mcl-1 protein. TREM-1 levels were inversely correlated to the magnitude of apoptosis in monocytes in septic patients.

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1150–1159. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31828a7016

Mechanical ventilation promotes tissue damages and inflammation if applied to preinjured lungs, worsening in turn bacterial pneumonia. Prone position improved bacterial clearance, decreased injury and inflammatory mediators release as well in ventilated rabbits.

Pain Medicine

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1160–1169. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e3182887526

An ultra-low dose of naloxone blocked remifentanil-induced hyperalgesia and the associated minimum alveolar concentration increase but did not change opioid tolerance under inhalant anesthesia.

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1170–1179. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31828e156f

A three-item preoperative screening questionnaire in assessing anxiety, anticipated postcesarean pain and analgesic need provides a meaningful parsimonious combination of predictors that reliably yields a validated predictive model accounting for 20% of the variance in postcesarean pain.

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1180–1197. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e318286d085

Carbon monoxide-releasing molecules or inducible heme oxygenase inducer treatments enhance the local antinociceptive effects of morphine during neuropathic pain through enhancing µ-opioid receptors peripheral expression and inhibiting microglial activation and neuronal/inducible nitric oxide synthases overexpression.

Education: Case Scenario

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1198–1205. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31828afa96

Education: Images in Anesthesiology

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1206. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31826e704c
Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1207. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e3182715ee6
Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1208. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e3182769393

Education: Anesthesia Literature Review

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1209–1210. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31828d342b

Education: Review Article

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1211–1223. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31828ea597

Fetal myelomeningocele repair may be preferable to postnatal repair. The pathophysiology of myelomeningocele and anesthetic management of open fetal myelomeningocele surgery are discussed. The success of this unique procedure relies on a well-coordinated multidisciplinary approach.

Education: Mind to Mind

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1224–1226. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e318273e290
Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1227–1228. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31825fae2b

Correspondence

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1229. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31828e1839
Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1229–1230. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31828e2424
Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1231–1233. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e318289b91f
Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1233–1234. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e318289b936
Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1234. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e318289b948
Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1234–1235. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e318289e175
Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1235–1237. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e318289e1e6
Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1237. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e318289bb69
Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1237. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e318289e105
Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1237–1238. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31828bac35
Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1238–1240. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31828baec5
Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1240–1241. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31828e184e

Reviews of Educational Material

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1242. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e318280a62d
Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1243. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e318280a715

Anesthesiology Reflections from the Wood Library-Museum

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1085. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e318295c56f
Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1159. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e318295c580
Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1169. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e318295c58d
Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1197. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e318295c59a

Erratum

Anesthesiology May 2013, Vol. 118, 1244. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e3182901031
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