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Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, A13–A18. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.anes.0000440938.79946.bc

Editorial Board

Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, A13–A14. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.anes.0000440937.41828.cc

This Month in Anesthesiology

Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, A1–A2. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.anes.0000440935.34205.d1

Science, Medicine, and the Anesthesiologist

Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, A21–A23. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.anes.0000440939.87569.0a

Infographics in Anesthesiology

Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, A25. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.anes.0000440940.87569.31

Anesthesiology CME Program

Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, A15. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.anes.0000440936.41828.85

Editorial

Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 1. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000049
Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 2–3. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000065
Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 4–6. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000067
Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 7–9. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000059
Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 10–11. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000436118.90260.45
Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 12–14. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000054
Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 15–17. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e3182a7cae9
Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 18–21. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000056
Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 22–23. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31829b3500

Special Articles

Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 24–31. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000039
Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 32–41. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000072
Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 42–49. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.anes.0000435636.42332.35

Perioperative Medicine

Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 50–61. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e3182a2a561

In a model of neuronal cultures of dorsal root ganglia neurons from postnatal day 7 and adult rats, lidocaine induced similar cytotoxic and apoptotic effects on neonatal and adult rat dorsal root ganglia neurons despite differences in their KCl-evoked calcium responses in vitro.

Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 62–75. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e3182a4441f

Abnormal platelet counts were common, occurring in 1 of 14 patients. Patients with low platelet counts were more likely to require transfusion and more likely to die.

Critical Care Medicine

Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 76–85. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000025

After immobilization, immature nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) did not contribute to neurotransmission, however, α7AChRs were up-regulated and also contributed to neuromuscular transmission. Resistance to clinically used muscle relaxants seen with immobilization might be related to functional expression of insensitive α7AChRs.

Pain Medicine

Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 86–96. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000006

Supplemental Digital Content is available in the text.

An in vitro model was constructed and validated for ultrasound imaging of the cervical spine. Ultrasound images are provided for the key landmarks: mastoid process, transverse process of C1, tubercles of C6 and C7, and cervical laminae.

Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 97–109. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e3182a76f59

Comparing data from over 35,000 postoperative patients before and after a root cause analysis–led intervention showed a reduction by 1/3 in major adverse events, accompanied by an increase by 1/3 in the incidence of severe pain.

Education: Images in Anesthesiology

Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 110. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31828e13d6

Education: Original Investigations in Education

Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 111–119. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000066

Since 2006 the University of Pittsburgh instituted a series of initiatives regarding resident research, resulting in increased research involvement by faculty and productivity by residents in comparison to historical and matched controls.

Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 120–128. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31829b34bd

In a two-step process, comments from faculty evaluations over a 2-yr period at one institution were studied to identify themes associated with above- and below-average ratings by trainees. Thirteen themes were identified using trainee evaluations and these fell into four domains associated with outstanding teaching.

Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 129–141. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000055

A multiscenario, simulation-based performance assessment of 22 fi rst-year residents and 8 fellows from two institutions showed high reliability, validity, and generalizability. A majority of trainees and faculty judged the assessment to be useful, realistic, and representative of critical skills required for safe practice.

Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 142–148. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e3182a44bc5

In an evaluation of 20 anesthesiologists, communication pattern for routine cases was similar during simulation as during clinical care in the operating room, supporting the ecologic validity of simulation.

Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 149–159. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000063

This study showed that mannequin-based transesophageal echocardiography simulation training was superior to conventional didactic training on acquisition of good-quality echocardiographic images in patients by residents in training.

Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 160–171. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000058

Training improved faculty ability to maintain a psychologically safe environment, explore the resident’s frame of reference, and address professionalism along with technical issues.

Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 172–184. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000071

Supplemental Digital Content is available in the text.

An automated, near–real–time feedback system was generated from a perioperative information management system and refined using resident feedback.

Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 185–195. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000064

In a study of nearly 100 trainees undergoing a 4-week rotation, with over 4,200 airway procedures, fi rst-attempt success at endotracheal intubation increased as a function of rotation week, as did self-reported laryngoscopic view.

Education: Review Article

Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 196–203. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000068

This is a review of the history and current use of Objective Structured Clinical Examination, and challenges in design and implementation including the psychometrics of test design.

Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 204–217. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000073

Errors in medical decisions may contribute significantly to adverse events. The authors review current knowledge of nonrational cognitive processes in human decision making, identify vulnerable anesthesia decisions, and suggest strategies for mitigating effects of these processes.

Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 218–229. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000070

Supplemental Digital Content is available in the text.

Hand-off and curriculum literature is reviewed to provide recommendations for anesthesia-specific resident hand-off curriculum and evaluation.

Education: Mind to Mind

Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 230–232. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31829c2dfb
Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 233. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31829f69fe
Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 234–235. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000034
Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 236–237. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000069

Correspondence

Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 238. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000057
Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 238–239. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000062
Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 239–240. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000050
Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 240. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000051
Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 240–241. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000052
Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 241. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000028
Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 241–242. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000029
Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 242–243. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000060
Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 243. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000061
Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 243–244. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000046
Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 244–245. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000047
Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 245–246. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000026
Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 246–247. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000027

Reviews of Educational Material

Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 248. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000010

Anesthesiology Reflections from the Wood Library-Museum

Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 6. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.anes.0000440941.64699.08
Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 9. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.anes.0000440942.72322.1b
Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 159. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.anes.0000440943.10441.1c

Announcement and Call For Abstracts

Anesthesiology January 2014, Vol. 120, 249–252. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000000
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