Skip to Main Content

Advertisement

Skip Nav Destination

Issues

Table of Contents

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, A4–A9. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.anes.0000444097.07081.9d

Editorial Board

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, A10–A11. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.anes.0000444096.99456.72

This Month in Anesthesiology

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, A1–A2. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.anes.0000444094.61338.ca

Science, Medicine, and the Anesthesiologist

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, A13–A14. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.anes.0000444098.84209.85

Infographics in Anesthesiology

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, A3. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.anes.0000444099.91832.9c

Anesthesiology CME Program

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, A12. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.anes.0000444095.99456.a9

Editorial

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 523–525. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000123
Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 526–529. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000127
Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 530–532. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000121
Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 533–535. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000112
Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 536–539. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000126

Perioperative Medicine: Clinical Science

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 540–550. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000119

The results of this randomized, blinded trial suggest that adductor canal block results in less motor impairment after surgery, but provides a comparable level of pain relief.

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 551–563. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000120

Review of more than 190,000 records from 400 hospitals in an administrative database showed an incidence of inpatient falls of 1.6% in this patient group, associated with morbidity and mortality. Peripheral nerve block did not alter the risk of inpatient fall, whereas use of neuraxial anesthesia reduced the risk by 30% compared with general anesthesia.

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 564–578. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000113

Myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery is common among adults undergoing noncardiac surgery and associated with substantial mortality.

SUPPLEMENTAL DIGITAL CONTENT IS AVAILABLE IN THE TEXT

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 579–589. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000087

The incidence of severe hypotension and mortality did not differ significantly in patients who did and did not receive etomidate. The duration of postoperative mechanical ventilation and time to hospital discharge were also similar in the two groups.

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 590–600. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e3182a443e8

The incidence of blood product transfusion up to postoperative day 7 did not differ significantly between the tranexamic acid doses (63% for low dose vs. 60% for high dose).

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 601–613. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000080

In an exploratory, pilot study, memory and executive dysfunction occurred but only brain markers of vascular disease associated with executive decline.

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 614–625. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000044

Perioperative Medicine: Basic Science

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 626–638. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000037

Exposure of third-trimester fetal macaque monkeys to isoflurane in utero caused widespread apoptosis of neurons and of oligodendroglia that are critical for myelination. Compared with its neurotoxicity in neonatal macaques, isoflurane produced quantitatively less apoptosis with a more diffuse distribution in the fetus, consistent with developmental changes in toxic potential.

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 639–649. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000103

Tranexamic acid enhanced neuronal excitation at concentrations relevant to its clinical use by impairing neuronal inhibition in the mouse amygdala. This was due to postsynaptic blockade of receptors for the inhibitory neurotransmitter γ-aminobutyric acid, with no effect on excitatory glutamate receptors.

Critical Care Medicine: Clinical Science

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 650–664. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000008

The use of intravascular catheters in the United States varies significantly across individual intensive care units, with greater variability associated with the use of arterial catheters than with central venous catheters.

Critical Care Medicine: Basic Science

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 665–672. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000125

Propofol-anesthetized rats were ventilated for 24 h or allowed to spontaneously breathing for 24 h and were compared with pentobarbital-anesthetized rats. Diaphragm contractile deficit and atrophy were present after propofol administration in both ventilated and spontaneously breathing rats.

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 673–682. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000124

In anesthetized pigs with moderate acute respiratory distress syndrome induced by saline lavage, higher levels of spontaneous breathing with controlled ventilation decreased the mechanical stress in lungs compared with ventilation without spontaneous breathing.

SUPPLEMENTAL DIGITAL CONTENT IS AVAILABLE IN THE TEXT

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 683–693. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.anes.0000435742.04859.e8

In sheep undergoing mild smoke exposure to one lung, [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake, as measured by positron emission tomography, increased in the exposed lung 4 h after exposure, before worsening shunt or aeration.

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 694–702. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000074

Metabolomic studies document changes in the lungs of experimental animals with ventilator-induced lung injury; these pilot data suggest that it is possible to identify ventilator-induced lung injury with metabolic investigations.

Pain Medicine: Clinical Science

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 703–713. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000436117.52143.bc

Using ultrasound guidance, quality of recovery was improved in 64 women randomized to multilevel paravertebral blocks and total intravenous anesthesia for breast tumor resection compared with general anesthesia with sevoflurane.

Pain Medicine: Basic Science

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 714–723. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000076

Dezocine is a κ opioid receptor antagonist. Dezocine also interacts with the norepinephrine transporter and the serotonin transporter and inhibits norepinephrine and serotonin reuptake in vitro in a concentration-dependent manner.

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 724–736. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e3182a66d4d

The study demonstrates that a lipid emulsion partially reverses the effects of bupivacaine on the action potential and the fast Na+ current of left ventricular cardiomyocytes, and provides evidence for a lipid sink mechanism.

SUPPLEMENTAL DIGITAL CONTENT IS AVAILABLE IN THE TEXT

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 737–750. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000435833.33515.ba

Pretreatment of rodents with ceftriaxone provided antinociceptive effects in inflammatory pain models. Using inflammatory somatic and visceral pain models, synergistic interactions of ceftriaxone and several commonly used analgesics were demonstrated.

Education: Images in Anesthesiology

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 751. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e3182887547
Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 752. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31828e8845

SUPPLEMENTAL DIGITAL CONTENT IS AVAILABLE IN THE TEXT

Education: Clinical Concepts and Commentary

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 753–759. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000031

Education: Review Article

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 760–772. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000036

Aged skin is at increased risk of poor postoperative wound healing. Changes in the cutaneous microcirculation with aging contribute to this risk. This review examines the role of anesthesia management on microcirculatory function.

Education: Mind to Mind

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 773. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000035
Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 774. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e3182a9af9d
Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 775–778. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e31829e4b2b

SUPPLEMENTAL DIGITAL CONTENT IS AVAILABLE IN THE TEXT.

Correspondence

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 779. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000104
Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 779–780. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000105
Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 780–781. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000110
Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 781. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000111
Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 781–782. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000115
Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 782. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000116

Reviews of Educational Material

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 783–784. https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000000114

Anesthesiology Reflections from the Wood Library-Museum

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 525. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.anes.0000444100.85995.fe
Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 535. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.anes.0000444101.85995.b7
Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 550. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.anes.0000444102.93618.2f

Announcements

Anesthesiology March 2014, Vol. 120, 785–787. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.anes.0000444227.83447.50
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal