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Brain: electroencephalogram; protection

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Articles
Publication: Anesthesiology
Anesthesiology. October 2022: 137(4):387–395
Published: October 2022
... of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (H.S., J.E.C.); Institute for Healthcare Service Innovation, Korea University, Seoul, Korea (D.J.) Dexmedetomidine has been reported to protect the brain from cerebral ischemia. MicroRNAs play important roles in ischemic tolerance induced by preconditioning. The association...
Articles
Publication: Anesthesiology
Anesthesiology. June 2022: 136(6):1015–1038
Published: June 2022
... of perioperative brain injury may be increased by intraoperative hemodynamic dysfunction, tissue hypoperfusion, and a failure to recognize complications early in their development. Advances in neuroimaging and monitoring techniques, including optical, sonographic, and magnetic resonance, have progressed beyond...
Articles
This article has a Visual Abstract
Publication: Anesthesiology
Anesthesiology. May 2022: 136(5):792–801
Published: May 2022
... of the combination of ketamine and norketamine, it is the opinion of the authors that further studies are needed to detect functional connectivity between brain areas that produce the different ketamine effects. Editor’s Perspective What We Already Know about This Topic Ketamine produces potent analgesia...
Articles
CME Article
Publication: Anesthesiology
Anesthesiology. December 2021: 135(6):1132–1152
Published: December 2021
... to consider in any multicomponent intervention designed to optimize perioperative brain health: sleep, pain, and cognition ( fig. 1 ). Fig. 1. The impact of sleep, pain, and cognition on perioperative brain health and postoperative recovery. Here depicted is a patient presenting for orthopedic surgery...
Articles
Publication: Anesthesiology
Anesthesiology. June 2021: 134(6):835–837
Published: June 2021
... Reserved. 2021 “…diverse mechanisms under lie ‘anesthesia’ as it pertains to different systems (brain vs. spine vs. autonomic system)…” Image: J. P. Rathmell. The concept of the so-called “minimum”—but actually median—alveolar concentration (MAC) required to prevent movement...
Articles
Publication: Anesthesiology
Anesthesiology. February 2021: 134(2):A1–A2
Published: February 2021
..., has analgesic and hypnotic properties as well as strong dissociative effects. It can be used to understand mechanisms of progressive cognitive impairment by non-γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) drug sedation. The temporal complexity of the electroencephalogram (EEG), the evolution in time of EEG motifs...
Articles
Publication: Anesthesiology
Anesthesiology. December 2020: 133(6):1283–1305
Published: December 2020
... of the middle cerebral artery in intracranial aneurysm surgery: time limitation and advantage of brain protection. J Neurosurg . 1997 ; 87 : 817 – 24 137. Schramm J , Koht A , Schmidt G , Pechstein U , Taniguchi M , Fahlbusch R : Surgical and electrophysiological...
Articles
Publication: Anesthesiology
Anesthesiology. October 2020: 133(4):A1–A3
Published: October 2020
... connectivity) between regions of the brain was tested by analysis of 31-channel electroencephalogram datasets recorded from 16 healthy adult volunteers. A target-controlled intravenous infusion of propofol with step increases of 0.2 μg/ml was used to achieve a maximum effect site concentration of 4 μg/ml over...
Articles
Publication: Anesthesiology
Anesthesiology. October 2020: 133(4):711–717
Published: October 2020
... return of the top task performance while dexmedetomidine was still being infused. The Impact of Sedation on Quantitative Electroencephalogram Trends and Neurologic Outcomes in a Mouse Model of Cardiac Arrest and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation by Takamitsu Ikeda, M.D., Ph.D., Yusuke Miyazaki, M.D...
Articles
Publication: Anesthesiology
Anesthesiology. June 2020: 132(6):1458–1468
Published: June 2020
.... Two randomized trials reporting reduced delirium after anesthesia guided by processed electroencephalogram monitors support this argument. 9 , 10 However, it is also plausible that electroencephalogram suppression occurs preferentially in patients whose brains are more susceptible to external...
Articles
Publication: Anesthesiology
Anesthesiology. September 2020: 133(3):583–594
Published: September 2020
... of reversing anesthesia have not yet been developed. The γ-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA A ) receptor is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter receptor in the brain and an important target of numerous sedative-hypnotic drugs, including several commonly used general anesthetic agents. 3–6 Such agents...
Articles
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Publication: Anesthesiology
Anesthesiology. November 2019: 131(5):962–973
Published: November 2019
... score monitor) were continuously recorded along with a three-lead electroencephalogram (O1, C3, F3). The participants were supine with the head maintained in the neutral position (Frankfort plane perpendicular to the bed surface) using a modified Shea headrest. A volume-calibrated pneumotachograph...
Articles
Publication: Anesthesiology
Anesthesiology. October 2019: 131(4):777–787
Published: October 2019
... Months after Brain Surgery” by Isabel Gracia, M.D., Neus Fabregas, M.D., Ph.D., Teresa Boget, M.D., Ph.D., Laura Oleaga, M.D., M.P.H., Georgina Casanovas, Ph.D., Paola Hurtado, M.D., Nicolas De Riva, M.D., Ph.D., Roger Pujol, M.D., Joaquin Enseñat, M.D., Ph.D., Ricard Valero, M.D., M.P.H., Anesthesiology...
Articles
Publication: Anesthesiology
Anesthesiology. July 2019: 131(1):186–208
Published: July 2019
... experienced postresuscitation shock. 102 Thus, in the early phase after arrest, important findings on brain function can be obtained using additional predictive tools, such as a cerebral computed tomography scan, measurements of neuron-specific enolase, and electroencephalogram. 167 Several studies...
Articles
Publication: Anesthesiology
Anesthesiology. June 2019: 130(6):861–863
Published: June 2019
... of the isoflurane. We can conclude that an hour of isoflurane has caused some sort of slow adaptation in underlying brain function. Is this a homeostatic protection against the deleterious effects of the burst suppression pattern? The neurobiological mechanisms of these slow secondary effects are largely unknown...
Articles
This article has a Visual Abstract
Publication: Anesthesiology
Anesthesiology. June 2019: 130(6):946–957
Published: June 2019
... portable sleep apnea monitor (Smart Watch, 300EX, Pacific Medico, Japan) and a portable electroencephalogram monitor (Sleep Profiler, Advanced Brain Monitoring Inc., USA), as well as a routine vital-sign monitor including electrocardiogram, noninvasive blood pressure, and pulse oximetry, were attached...
Articles
Publication: Anesthesiology
Anesthesiology. June 2019: 130(6):981–994
Published: June 2019
... A , Starr JA , Sanchez V , Lunardi N , DiGruccio MR , Ori C , Erisir A , Trimmer P , Bennett J , Jevtovic-Todorovic V : The abolishment of anesthesia-induced cognitive impairment by timely protection of mitochondria in the developing rat brain: The importance...
Articles
Publication: Anesthesiology
Anesthesiology. November 2018: 129(5):942–958
Published: November 2018
...-scale brain networks, allowing the clustering of functional magnetic resonance images into functional brain states. What This Article Tells Us That Is New When moving from wakefulness to anesthesia, the anatomical structure of connections between brain areas becomes the main driver of the repertoire...
Articles
Publication: Anesthesiology
Anesthesiology. October 2018: 129(4):829–851
Published: October 2018
... of anesthesia in the B-Unaware trial. A nesthesiology 2011 ; 115 : 1209 – 18 280. Purdon PL , Pavone KJ , Akeju O , Smith AC , Sampson AL , Lee J , Zhou DW , Solt K , Brown EN : The Ageing Brain: Age-dependent changes in the electroencephalogram during...
Articles
Publication: Anesthesiology
Anesthesiology. May 2018: 128(5):921–931
Published: May 2018
.... Brain Behav Immun 2017 ; 64 : 195 – 207 17. Hsing CH , Lin CF , So E , Sun DP , Chen TC , Li CF , Yeh CH : α2-Adrenoceptor agonist dexmedetomidine protects septic acute kidney injury through increasing BMP-7 and inhibiting HDAC2 and HDAC5. Am J Physiol...