Surgery and safe anesthesia are important components of every health care system and impact global public health. For decades, surgery and anesthesia were neglected due to the greater need for HIV/AIDS prevention, mitigation and treatment. The successful strategies applied to HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria have allowed populations to live longer, and therefore the role of non-communicable and chronic disease to re-emerge as dominant contributors to disability and death.

Several societies, publications and commissions are leading the way into the post-2015 era of global health. The World Federation of Societies of Anaesthesiologists (WFSA) is leading the world to safer anesthesia by providing guidelines for safe anesthesia and education and training in the regions of the world in greatest need. Similarly, the World Health Organization (WHO) promotes safe surgery and anesthesia through the Global Initiative on Emergency and Essential...

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