“There is another difficulty in trusting to the honor and conscience of a doctor. Doctors are just like other Englishmen: most of them have no honor and no conscience: what they commonly mistake for these is sentimentality and an intense dread of doing anything that everybody else does not do, or omitting to do anything that everybody else does. This of course does amount to a sort of working or rule-of-thumb conscience; but it means that you will do anything, good or bad, provided you get enough people to keep you in countenance by doing it also.”

– George Bernard Shaw, “Doctor’s Consciences” (The Doctor’s Dilemma, 1909)

Managing pain is one of the most challenging disciplines of medicine, a subjective measure frequently met with disbelief, but where the patient should always have the benefit of the doubt....

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