“Professional competence is the habitual and judicious use of communication, knowledge, technical skills, clinical reasoning, emotions, values, and reflection in daily practice for the benefit of the individual and community being served.”

Professionalism provides the framework for the physician-patient relationship and has been described as representing the relationship between medicine and society. Although teaching professionalism has been incorporated into medical school curricula and residency training, a single definition of the term does not exist. It has been described as the competence and skill expected of a professional or as a person who engages in one of the professions of medicine, law or theology.

Other uses of the term professionalism attempt to incorporate specific behaviors into its meaning. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education “Milestones,” which are now used to track residents’ progress through the...

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