Electronic heath records (EHR) are real-time digital versions of paper charts designed to focus on all aspects of patient care and share clinical and administrative data with outside stakeholders such as government and payers. Most practices will need to adapt and retool their EHRs to meet Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA) requirements. In an effort to provide context to these developments, the authors provide perspective on the pros and cons of using EHRs (Table 1, page 78).

The digital nature of EHRs could potentially allow us to leverage data to deliver better and safer patient care and reduce medical errors and adverse events. Digital clinical notes are more legible and documentation may be standardized (i.e., preoperative note templates). Patient information may be shared easily across different settings (e.g., ambulatory clinics and operating rooms),...

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