Editor’s Note: We continue our Spotlight On Fellowship series to focus on a Fellowship in Perioperative Medicine.

There are currently seven active perioperative medicine fellowships in the United States. Of the 149 academic anesthesiology residency programs, 24 programs list their departments with “Perioperative Medicine” in the title. This identity evolution is a logical development –as anesthesiologists do much more than give anesthetics. We evaluate and treat patients preoperatively; face crisis situations inside and outside the operating room; perform regional blocks and interventional pain procedures; and treat patients in the vulnerable post-anesthesia or critical care state.

Perioperative medicine, however, is a foreign concept to many graduating residents and fellows. In the words of the editors of Perioperative Medicine, “Perioperative medicine is defined as the practice of patient-centered, multidisciplinary, and integrated medical care of patients from the moment of contemplation...

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