Cancer is a major public health problem globally and is the second leading cause of death in the United States. One in every three men and women will be diagnosed with cancer at some point during their lifetime. According to the National Institutes of Health, an estimated 1.75 million new cases of cancer will be diagnosed in the U.S. in 2019 (approximately 4,800 new cases per day) and around 600,000 people will die from the disease during the year. In the past decades, there has been significant progress in the understanding of cancer biology, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of cancer. This progress is improving the life expectancies of cancer patients, and some cancers are now more likely to be considered a chronic disease. As of January 2019, an estimated 1.95 million people ages 85 and older were cancer survivors,...

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