Ambulatory surgery continues to expand rapidly. An increasing number of patients with several comorbidities and advanced age are undergoing more complex procedures in ambulatory surgery centers (ASC). As these patients continue their postoperative recovery in the comfort of their own homes, the ASC practice places a great degree of responsibility on patients and their caregivers to follow discharge instructions. This has caused the practice of ambulatory anesthesia to evolve, allowing for rapid recovery and return to activities of daily living after surgical procedures of greater invasiveness. It has also placed specific emphasis on patient education because patients and caretakers become active participants in the postoperative care and rehabilitation process compared to inpatient surgical practice. In hospitalized patients, perioperative morbidity and mortality, hospital length of stay and readmission rate are measured to evaluate outcomes after surgery. Postoperative pain, nausea...

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