The World Health Organization defines health as an optimal state of physical, mental and social well-being. Over the past decade, physician health and wellness has gained more recognition in residency programs and medical schools nationwide. This article seeks to highlight two key factors of physician wellness, burnout and depression, with the latest insights into how these factors are being addressed today.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), suicide is the tenth overall cause of death in the U.S., with the rate among physicians significantly higher compared to the general population.1,2  Female physicians, in particular, have a much higher risk (relative risk 2.27), whereas male physicians have a mildly higher risk (relative risk 1.41) relative to the general population. Approximately 300 to 400 physicians each year in the U.S. die by suicide,...

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