ASA’s Center for Anesthesia Workforce Studies (CAWS) reports trends in anesthesiology resident matches after the release of the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP) Results and Data report published in May each year. This report summarizes data on candidates who filled residency positions between 2000 and 2019. Resident match data from 1988-1999 can be found in last year’s ASA Monitor “Revival of Reporting Anesthesiology Residency Trends.”

Match results signal a strong demand for anesthesiology residency programs and include growth in number of applicants, growth in positions offered, percentage of positions filled, and percentage of applicants not matched. In 2019, 4,241 candidates applied to 1,875 anesthesiology positions, with less than 50 percent of applicants matching into the specialty. There is an increasing trend in the number of anesthesiology positions offered, with 98.1 percent of positions filled in 2019.

Table 1 summarizes the number of applicants and the type of candidates who...

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