Diverse organizations make better decisions and have better results (J Corporate Finance 2014;28:185-2000; Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2014;111:18524-9). In homogeneous groups, less time is spent considering options, while diverse groups can call on a wider variety of perspectives. When they present to or work in a diverse group, individuals prepare more thoroughly (Sci Am 2014;311:42-7). When highly-qualified individuals are not recruited and retained due to unconscious bias and other barriers, organizations, research, and health care equity all suffer.

Across STEM disciplines, including anesthesiology, women are underrepresented in federal research funding (J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2017;26:560-70), as authors of scientific studies (Anesth Analg 2019;129:306-10), as keynote speakers (PLoS One 2013;8:e79147), and on editorial boards (Anesth Analg 2019;129:306-10), although there is slow progress. Publications with women co-authors, however, are more cited than those with...

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