A healthy 40-year-old man is scheduled for an elective abdominal hernia repair. He asks about drinking restrictions and chewing gum before surgery. ASA recently released a modular update to its 2017 practice guidelines for preoperative fasting. According to these updated guidelines, which of the following recommendations is BEST for this patient?

Recently, ASA released a modular update to its 2017 practice guidelines for preoperative fasting. As with all ASA guidelines, these recommendations may be modified or adopted to fit the clinical needs and constraints of a local institution's preexisting policies, or disregarded.

The current ASA Task Force on Preoperative Fasting not only reviewed the 2017 guidelines but also focused on four new elements: ingestion of carbohydrate-containing clear liquids, ingestion of protein-containing clear liquids, chewing gum, and duration of pediatric fasting (Table 1). The task force used high, moderate, low, and very low grades to define the strength of...

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