A 35-year-old man is admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) in septic shock after surgery for a perforated appendix. According to a recent study comparing fluid administration strategies in ICU patients in septic shock, which of the following outcomes is MOST likely if this patient is administered a restrictive fluid strategy as opposed to a standard fluid strategy?

Sepsis remains a top cause of mortality worldwide. The Surviving Sepsis Campaign has published recommendations for the treatment of sepsis and septic shock. The most recent publication in 2021 retained the rating of strong for some recommendations, such as the use of vasopressor support to maintain a mean arterial pressure (MAP) of 65 mm Hg or greater. Other recommendations had their ratings downgraded; for example, the recommendation regarding the use of a 30-mL/kg intravenous (I.V.) crystalloid fluid bolus within the first three hours for the treatment of sepsis-induced hypotension was downgraded...

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