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Table 1. Experimental Baseline Conditions

All data is presented as mean ± SEM. ΔMAP and EMG responses to urinary bladder distension are the average of the three baseline responses.

*P < 0.05 unpaired t  test with Bonferroni correction, compared with the group treated with 1 mg/kg of intravenous ketamine.

MAP = mean arterial pressure (mmHg); EMG = electromyographic activity produced by UBD (60 mmHg, 20 s) (counts); ΔMAP = change in arterial blood produced by UBD (60 mmHg, 20 s) (mmHg); IV = intravenous.

Table 1. Experimental Baseline Conditions
Table 1. Experimental Baseline Conditions
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